• +49 (0) 251 9793 0
  • info@haverniagara.com

Tag Archive material

Geheimrezept hoher Druck und wenig Wasser: Der Hydro-Clean reinigt Körnungen von Schad- und Störstoffen bei geringem Ressourceneinsatz.

Die Hydro-Clean Waschanlage HC aus dem Programm von Haver & Boecker Niagara befreit in effektiver Weise Nutzkorn von Schad- und Störstoffen. Dabei soll der Wasserbedarf im Vergleich zu traditionellen Waschsystemen um bis zu 75 % niedriger liegen bei ebenfalls um bis zu 15 % geringeren Energiekosten. Dieser Spareffekt ist der kompakten Baugröße und dem geringeren Gewicht gegenüber traditionellen Waschsystemen, die zudem eine größere Aufstellfläche haben und mehr Ausrüstung benötigen, zu verdanken. Das wartungsfreundliche Design ermöglicht im Bedarfsfall den einfachen Austausch der wenigen Standardkomponenten, wobei der HC laut Hersteller wenig verschleißanfällig sein soll.

Zur Reinigung von Aufgabematerialien bis zu einer Größe von 150 mm in einer vertikalen Trommel sprühen Hydro-Clean-Hochdruckdüsen Wasser mit Drücken bis zu 140 bar bei einer Drehzahl von 90 UpM auf das Material. Das Waschsystem entfernt auf diese Weise Schlamm- und Lehmpartikel bis zu 63 Mikron aus Mineralgemischen.

Die Waschanlage ist in vier Modellgrößen erhältlich, die 18 bis 400 t Material pro Stunde aufbereiten, je nach Typ und Anwendung. Der Wasserverbrauch reicht dabei je nach Anwendung und Modellgröße von 102 bis 798 l/min.

Das System funktioniert folgendermaßen: Verunreinigtes Material wird über einen Trichter in die vertikale Trommel des Hydro-Clean aufgegeben, woraufhin die oben montierten Hochdruckdüsen rotieren und das Material mit Wasser besprühen. Die Turbulenzen in der Trommel erzeugen zusätzliche Scheuer- und Schleifkräfte, die den Reinigungsprozess verstärken, während das Material den Trommelzylinder passiert. Am Ende des Reinigungsprozesses wird die Aufgabe über einen Abzugsförderer ausgeleitet, der zu einem Waschsieb führt. Dieses ist für eine Nachwäsche zuständig, während es gleichzeitig das Material fraktioniert.

Lesen Sie den Beitrag in Ausgabe 4/2019 von Gesteinsperspektiven

More profit with the innovative washing technology Hydro-Clean®

Reduced water and energy use

Haver & Boecker Niagara advanced Hydro-Clean® washing technology is helping a gold producer looking to expand its operation in eastern Russia increase production, reduce water consumption and minimize wear. The producer currently uses a test washing drum and two bearing screen to separate the sand and clay from its mined gold ore. This method provides inadequate washing results, causes excessive equipment wear and consumes high volumes of water and energy. Working closely with the customer, the HSG set up the Hydro-Clean 700 unit (Fig. 1) and rinse screen as a separate test operation to prove it could successfully wash the operation’s three distinct products better than the current test equipment. Each product has varying degrees of impurities, ranging from easy-to-wash to sticky material that is nearly impossible to clean with the current washing system. Since installing this combination, the operation has increased production from 5 t/h to 25 t/h, reduced its water consumption by up to 70 % and saved up to 30 % energy for every ton of material.

In preparation for a large mine upgrade project, these positive results have led the operation to put the Hydro-Clean in its plans for all future mineral washing.
The Russian gold producer, who asked to remain unnamed due to the competitive advantage this equipment provides, first contacted the HSG about the Hydro-Clean in 2009 after seeing impressive results at a different gold operation using HSG equipment. The Hydro-Clean appealed to the producer because its current washing system, a traditional washing drum, was not removing enough sand and clay content to produce the required 2 mm to 120 mm gold product with clay content less than 2 %.

 

 

 

 

 

 

• Clay-heavy material on the conveyor

Ideal for use in clay-heavy material deposits (Figs. 2 and 3), the Hydro-Clean employs high-pressure nozzles, rotating at 90 rpm, to spray up to 90 % recycled water on the material with pressures up to 200 bars (2900 psi) to remove silt and clay particles as small as 63 μm from mineral mixtures. While the high-pressure nozzles mounted at the top rotate and spray the material with water, the turbulence in the drum creates additional scrubbing and abrasive forces that enhance the cleaning process to break up agglomerates and clean the particles of stubborn material. The Hydro-Clean also injects high-pressure streams of water into areas of the material (holes, cracks, etc.) that are difficult to reach with traditional cleaning methods. A UME 1200 x 4500 mm rinse screen follows and rinses away the loose sand and clay contaminants. The end result is a cleaner gold ore product with clay content less than 2 % (Fig. 4).

• Final product is a clean washed material

The Hydro-Clean consumes far less water and energy. The test washing drum and two bearing screen used by the Russian gold producer consumes up to 13 m3 (13 000 liters) of water to wash just one ton of material. With the Hydro- Clean and rinse screen, the producer only uses a maximum of 4 m3 (4000 liters) of water for each ton of material, reducing the operation’s water consumption by up to 70 %.

In addition to water savings, the Hydro-Clean 700 model used by the gold producer was able to save up to 1.8 kW of energy for every ton of cleaned material when compared to the washing drum system. The Hydro-Clean’s compact size and reduced weight keep overall operating and structural costs considerably lower than with traditional washing systems – which also require more equipment and a greater footprint. In addition, it experiences little wear with a low-maintenance design that allows for simple replacement of the few standard components that are subject to wear. This allows operations to save thousands of rubbles in yearly maintenance costs. Thanks to the success of the Hydro-Clean 700 test unit, the producer plans to authorize an investment program that will allow the installation of a larger washing operation with several HSG Hydro-Clean 1000 units.

This operation would be capable of washing up to 4 million t of auriferous ore a year. To make the adaption of this new, advanced washing technology easier, the HSG has provided easy-to-understand flow sheets on how the Hydro-Clean would fit into this new operation. If made part of the producer’s every day operation, the Hydro-Clean could reduce its total water usage by up to 70 % and energy costs by up to 30 %.

 

Successful project ‘Organic Fertilizer’

Fertilizer production with the HAVER pelletizing disc SCARABAEUS

In view of the increasing food requirements of the world’s population and the continuing eluviation of the soil due to intensive agriculture as well as the loss of arable land following sealing of surfaces in urban environments, the exploitation of raw materials and the contamination with pollutants, fertilizers are becoming more and more important in the production of foodstuff.

Plant growth and harvest quality generally depend on how much of the required nutrients there is in the soil. The nutrient of which there is least defines the success of the cultivation. It follows that fertilizers are needed to make up for any deficits. Today, great demands are made on the fertilizers used to increase the yield of crops, for example regarding the mineral combination which supplies the plants with nutrients, or regarding the structure and shape of the fertilizer pellets to improve the flight behaviour when the pellets are spread.

The company “Australian Mineral Fertilisers“ produces fertilizers under the brand name ‘GrowSafe®‘ in Tenterden, West Australia. The biological mineral fertilizer is a material mix. Every pellet contains all combinations of minerals. The pellets are suitable for spreading with standardized sowing and fertilizer distributors. They are sold in Big Bags, 25 kg bags, or as bulk material.

Bild1

In recent years, the company was faced with the question whether a 10-year old pelletizing drum could be safely replaced by a pelletizing disc to increase production capacity and product quality.

Owing to the complexity of the processes, the production of mineral fertilizers by means of the pelletizing drum proved to be increasingly complicated and highly inefficient due to the high volume of undersized and oversized pellets beyond the specified product range. The requirements made on a pelletizing disc were very high: In addition to a significant capacity increase from 7 to 20 t/h, it was to improve product homogeneity as well as product quality.

Australian Mineral Fertilisers directly contacted HAVER NIAGARA in Münster. Both sides quickly agreed that test runs were required to provide a basis for further discussion and for dimensioning the system components. In cooperation with HAVER ENGINEERING, a test concept was generated to investigate the suitability for pelletizing, which drew the interest of the project owners at AMF’s.

An AMF associate together with the Plant Manager came to the site of HAVER NIAGARA to gain a personal impression of the manufacturing capacities. They also visited the R&D Center of HAVER ENGINEERING in Freiberg, to learn more about the results of the research. A presentation of detailed results and the demonstration of agglomeration tests with AMF fertilizers convinced the customers of the capabilities of HAVER SCARABAEUS. With up to 80 M.-%, the share of usable fertilizer pellets, produced in the tests under laboratory conditions, exceeded the expectations.

Based on the results of the test runs, the decision was made to replace the pelletizing drum by a pelletizing disc of the HAVER SCARABAEUS® series.

The features that made AMF decide on the HAVER SCARABAEUS 4200 were the robust design, the energy-efficient and low-maintenance drive unit with two asynchronous motors, which allow for start-up even under full load and ensure continued operation if one of the motors fails, as well as the system’s high flexibility, such as the possibility to adjust inclination and speed during ongoing operation.

1 (1).JPG

Around the time this decision was made, HAVER AUSTRALIA was established in Perth West Australia. This means that the parameters for designing and dimensioning the system could be coordinated quickly, reliably and at low costs between the customers and HAVER NIAGARA.

In addition to the pelletizing disc HAVER SCARABAEUS SC4200 complete with its control system, a HAVER NIAGARA T-Class 1500×5000 for product grading and a Computer Particle Analyzer CPA 2.1 of our wire weaving company for continuous determination of product quality was sold. Other machines from the extensive product portfolio of HAVER NIAGARA are already operating successfully in the chemical fertilizer industry (MAP, DAP, NPK).

With 61 M.-%, the share of usable pellets in the product was above the level of the previously used drum already during the commissioning phase of the pelletizing disc in autumn of 2013. Today, after completed commissioning and some months’ worth of experience, the rate of yield for AMF is up to 80 M.-%. Even the solidity and roundness of the pellets improved significantly. The Plant Manager confirmed that his customers had registered this distinct improvement in quality and said that they were very satisfied. Such success stories not only guarantee the good image of the HAVER group in the eyes of the customers but also provide for sustainable growth of the customer, who can continue to rely on the services of the HAVER Group as a technological partner.

After the completion of commissioning, HAVER Australia took over customer service. They will carry out the regular maintenance of the machines and support the customer in future process optimization.